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Generic Amoxil

Amoxycillin

 

Nature and use of the drug

Amoxil or its generic name, Amoxicillin, is an antibiotic drug used to treat infections caused by particular strains of bacteria. It is also used for treating ulcers in the small intestines. The drug is usually the first choice of treatment for bacterial infections because as compared to other types of antibiotics, it is more absorbed by the human body.

It is used for treatment therapies for ear, nose and throat infections, genitourinarytract and lower respiratory tract infections, skin infections, and gonorrhea infections. It has been included in dual and triple therapies with other drugs such as lanzoprazole and clarithromycin.

How this medicine works

It is part of the Beta-lactam class of anti-bacteria drugs that includes penicillin. The Amoxil drug works against bacteria by preventing the growth of bacteria. It inhibits the formation or synthesis of the bacteria's cell wall. The drug specifically acts against the peptidoglycan or otherwise known as "murein" by preventing its production. The peptidoglycan is a very important polymer to keep the cell wall of bacteria strong and well structured. The Amoxil drug do not attack animal or human cells simply because the cells do not have cell walls.

There are a number of microorganisms found to have growing resistance against the Amoxil drug. This includes organisms producing penicillinase, a number of beta-lactamase producers such as the E. coli bacteria and other similar organisms.

Dosage and administration

Amoxicillin is available in tablet of 500 or 875 mg dosage, capsule form, usually in 500 mg, in syrup, and as a sodium salt when being applied intravenously. There are chewable tablets for children available in cherry, peppermint or banana flavors. A pediatric drop with 50 mg dosage of amoxicillin is also available. It is in fact the most common antibiotic drug administered and prescribed to children.

This medicine can be taken without meals and therapies can go on for weeks depending on the gravity of the infection. Generally, treatment for bacterial infections must be done for a minimum of two to three days, except for cases of gonorrheal infections. Any signs of bacterial infection must be completely gone before stopping the infection.

What to expect -- side effects

People experience common side effects from the Amoxil drug such as nausea, rash, diarrhea, and urticartia or otherwise known as hives, characterized by an allergic reaction of the skin into forming raised red skin patches. These allergic reactions to the drug are quite common affecting up to 10 % of patients. Because of this, patient with a history of serious allergic reactions must take the necessary precautions (such as skin testing) and watch out for signs of an allergic reaction. If a patient had experience an urticartia and anaphylaxis, or extreme allergic reaction, in the past, he must not be advised to take the drug without appropriate medical consultation.

There have been recorded side effects from dual and triple therapies that include headache, diarrhea, and perversion of the taste buds. No more serious side effects can be noted.

Precaution to take

A patient with a diabetic history must consult his doctor before taking the drug. This is because the drug tends to contribute to false test results from testing of the glucose content of the patient's urine.

The infection caused by particular streptococci bacteria strain, streptococcus pyogenes, which causes strep throat, impetigo and other skin diseases, will require more than 10 days of treatment to avoid a more serious infection such as an acute rheumatic fever.


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